End Notes

The Book of Esther from a Jewish Perspective

1 Life Change Series: Ruth and Esther, NavPress, Navigators, Col Springs, CO, 1987, pgs 64-65.

2 The Bible Knowledge Com on the OT, by Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheat, IL, 1986, pgs 699-700.

3 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, page 45.

The Place of Esther in the Canon of Scripture

4 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, pages 292-294

Ancient Storytelling and the book of Esther

5 Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 286.

6 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zond, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pgs 32-33.

The Theology of the book of Esther

7 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zond, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pgs 41-43.

Esther Placed in a Position of Prominence

8 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 701.

Chapter 1

9 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, page 62.

10 Ibid, pages 58-59

11 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 306

12 Life Change Series: Ruth and Esther, NavPress, Navigators, Col Springs, CO, 1987, pg 76.

13 Esther, the NIV App Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pages 66-67.

14 Ibid, pages 75-76.

15 Ibid, pages 69 and 75.

16 Ibid, pages 78-79.

17 The Name of God Concealed in the Book of Esther, by Dr. Ronald Youngblood, Bible Review 3 (Fall 1981): pages 6-7 Letter with response by Carey Moore.

Esther Elevated to Queen

18 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 2005, pgs 142-143.

Chapter 2

19 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 94.

20 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 314.

21 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zond, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, page 36.

22 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 704.

23 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 2005, page 146.

24 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 111.

25 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 2005, pgs 148-149.

26 Esther, the NIV App Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pages 112-115.

27 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2005, pg 144.

28 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 319.

Haman Plots to Destroy the Jews

29 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 325.

31 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 118.

32 Women of the Bible: God’s Word for the Biblically Inept, by Kathy Miller, Starburst Publishers, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1999, page 144.

33 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, pages 70-71.

34 Women of the Bible: God’s Word for the Biblically Inept, by Kathy Miller, Starburst Publishers, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1999, page 144.

35 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 323.

Chapter 3

36 Esther, the NIV App Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pgs 119-120.

37 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 72.

38 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 327.

39 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 121.

40 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 328.

41 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2005, pg 143.

42 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 328.

43 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 122.

44 Ibid, page 122.

45 Life Change Series: Ruth and Esther, NavPress, Navigators, Col Springs, CO, 1987, page 87.

46 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 74.

47 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 122.

48 Women of the Bible: God’s Word for the Biblically Inept, by Kathy Miller, Starburst Publishers, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1999, page 146.

49 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 706.

50 First Peter, by MacArthur, Chicago, Moody Publishers, 2004, pages 280-281.

51 Ibid, pages 280-284.

52 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 332.

Chapter 4

53 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1984, page 76.

54 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 131.

55 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 77.

56 Esther, the NIV App Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, page 136-137.

57 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 328.

58 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 78.

59 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2005, pg 150.

60 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 79.

61 Esther, the NIV App Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, page 133-134.

62 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 2005, pgs 150-151.

Chapter 5

63 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 707.

64 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 144.

65 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 85.

66 Ibid, pages 78-79.

67 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 329.

68 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 147.

69 The Name of God Concealed in the Book of Esther, by Dr. Ronald Youngblood, Bible Review 3 (Fall 1981): pages 6-7 Letter with response by Carey Moore.

70 Lost Women of the Bible, by Carolyn James, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2005, pg 153.

71 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 87.

72 The Name of God Concealed in the Book of Esther, by Dr. Ronald Youngblood, Bible Review 3 (Fall 1981): pages 6-7 Letter with response by Carey Moore.

73 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 88.

74 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 708.

Chapter 6

75 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 87.

76 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 152.

77 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 90.

78 Ibid, page 91.

Chapter 7

79 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 164.

80 Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther: The New Century Commentary, by D. J. Clines, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1984, page 311.

81 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 710.

82 The Name of God Concealed in the Book of Esther, by Dr. Ronald Youngblood, Bible Review 3 (Fall 1981): pages 6-7 Letter with response by Carey Moore.

83 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 165.

84 The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, Volume 4, Frank Gaebelein, General Editor, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1988, page 826.

85 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 350.

86 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 172.

87 Ibid, page 173.

Chapter 8

88 Esther, the NIV App Com, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pgs 176-177.

89 Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther: The New Century Commentary, by D. J. Clines, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1984, page 314.

90 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 94.

91 The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, Volume 4, Frank Gaebelein, General Editor, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1988, page 829.

92 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 95.

93 Women of the Bible: God’s Word for the Biblically Inept, by Kathy Miller, Starburst Publishers, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1999, page 155.

94 Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther: The New Century Commentary, by D. J. Clines, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1984, page 316.

95 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, page 16.

96 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 712.

97 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 99.

98 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 356.

99 The Bible Knowledge Commentary on the Old Testament, by John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, Victor Books, Wheaton, Illinois, 1986, page 712.

100 The Problem of War in the Old Testament, by Peter Craigie, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1978, pages 38-39.

101 Esther, the NIV Application Com, by Karen Jobes, Zond, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999, pg 191.

Chapter 9

102 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 357.

103 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 103.

104 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, pages 208-209.

105 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 105.

106 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, pages 199 and 202.

107 Ibid, page 198.

108 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, page 17.

109 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 283.

110 Answers to Tough Questions, by J. Carl Laney, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1997, page 102.

111 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, page 5.

The Feast of Purim

112 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, pages 213-214.

113 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, page 4.

114 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, page 214.

115 Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther: The New Century Commentary, by D. J. Clines, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1984, page 326.

116 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, pages 14-15.

117 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, pages 216.

118 Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther: The New Century Commentary, by D. J. Clines, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1984, page 326.

119 Ibid, 326.

120 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 365.

121 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, pages 214-216.

122 Siddur for Messianic Jews, by Dr. John Fischer, Menorah Ministries, Palm Harbor, FL, Pg 79.

123 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 366.

124 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, pages 222-223.

125 Esther: Commentary on the Old Testament, Volume III, by Frederick Keil, Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1980, page 378.

126 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 111.

127 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, page 224.

128 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, pages 10-11.

129 Ibid, pages 11-13.

130 Ibid, pages 13-14.

131 Ibid, page 14.

132 Ibid, page 15.

133 Ibid, pages 15-16.

134 Ibid, page 16.

135 Ibid, page 16.

136 Ibid, page 9.

137 Christian Theology. Grand Rapids, by Millard Erickson, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1985, page 389.

138 Purim: The Feast of Lots (Esther), by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, MBS177 A Messianic Bible Study from Ariel Ministries, San Antonio, Texas, 1980, page 10.

Chapter 10

139 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 369.

140 Esther: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, by Joyce Baldwin, Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 1984, page 115.

141 Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, The New American Commentary, by Mervin Breneman, B&H Publishing Group, Nashville, Tennessee, 1993, page 281.

142 Esther, the NIV Application Commentary, by Karen Jobes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1999, page 224.

 

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