Outline of the book of Isaiah

From a Jewish Perspective

   The basis for this commentary and outline is taken from the Isaiah Tape Series from Arnold Fruchtenbaum and Ariel Ministries in San Antonio, Texas.

Introduction to Isaiah Son of Amoz – 1:1 (Ad)

I. Isaiah’s Great Indictment Against Isra'el – 1:2-31 (Ae)

   A. Israel’s Sin and Punishment 1:2-9 (Af)

        1. God’s Case Against Isra'el - 1:2-4 (Ag)

        2. The Daughter of Zion is left like a Shelter in a Vineyard - 1:5-9 (Ah)

    B. The Multitude of Your Sacrifices, What Are They to Me - 1:10-17 (Ai)

        1. Stop Bringing Meaningless Offerings – 1:10-15 (Aj)

        2. Wash and Make Yourselves Clean – 1:16-17 (Ak)

    C. Come Now, Let Us Reason Together – 1:18-20 (Al)

   D. Your Rulers are Rebels – 1:21-23 (Am)

      E. I Will Restore Your Judges – 1:24-31 (An)

II. Jerusalem Purged by Judgment then Blessed – 2:1 to 4:6 (Ao)

    A. They Will Beat Their Swords Into Plowshares – 2:1-4 (Ap)

    B. Zion’s Pathetic Present Condition and the Judgment to Follow 2:5 to 4:1 (Aq)

        1. O House of Jacob, Let Us Walk in the Light – 2:5-8 (Ar)

        2. The Eyes of the Arrogant Will Be Humbled – 2:9-11 (As)

        3. On That Day Gold and Silver Will Be Thrown to Rodents and Bats – 2:12-21 (At)

        4. Judgment Against the Elders and Leaders of His People – 2:22 to 3:15 (Au)

        5. The Women of Zion Are Haughty – 3:16 to 4:1 (Av)

    C. The Believing Remnant in the Messianic Kingdom – 4:2-6 (Aw)

        1. The Branch of the LORD Will Be Beautiful and Glorious – 4:2-4 (Ax)

        2. A Cloud of Smoke by Day and a Glow of Fire by Night – 4:5-6 (Ay)

III. The Vineyard of the LORD is the House of Isra'el – 5:1-30 (Az)

    A. The Song of the Vineyard – 5:1-7 (Ba)

    B. The Six Woes of Isaiah – 5:8-25 (Bb)

        1. Woe To You Who Add House To House – 5:8-10 (Bc)

        2. Woe To You Who Run After Their Wine – 5:11-12 (Bd)

        3. Therefore My People Will Go Into Exile – 5:13 (Be)

        4. Therefore The Grave Enlarges Its Appetite – 5:14-17 (Bf)

        5. Woe To Those Who Draw Sin With Cords of Deceit – 5:18-19 (Bg)

        6. Woe To Those Who Call Evil Good and Good Evil – 5:20 (Bh)

        7. Woe To Those Who Are Wise In Their Own Eyes – 5:21 (Bi)

        8. Woe To Those Who Acquit The Guilty For A Bribe – 5:22-23 (Bj)

        9. Therefore As Tongues Of Fire Lick Up Straw They Will Decay – 5:24 (Bk)

        10. Therefore the LORD’s Anger Burns Against His People – 5:25 (Bl)

    C. He Lifts Up a Banner for the Distant Nations – 5:26-30 (Bm)

IV. The Call of Isaiah – 6:1-13 (Bn)

    A. In the Year King Uzziah Died – 6:1-4 (Bo)

    B. The Cleansing of Isaiah – 6:5-7 (Bp)

        1. I Am a Man of Unclean Lips – 6:5 (Bq)

        2. Your Guilt Is Taken Away and Your Sin Atoned For – 6:6-7 (Br)

    C. Who Shall I Send? And Who Will Go For Us? – 6:8-10 (Bs)

    D. Until the LORD Has Sent Everyone Far Away – 6:11-13 (Bt)

V. The Book of Immanuel – 7:1 to 12:6 (Bu)

    A. The Kings of Assyria and Judah (Bv)

    B. The Sign of Immanuel – 7:1-25 (Bw)

        1. The Hearts of Ahaz and His People Were Shaken – 7:1-2 (Bx)

        2. Take Your Son Shear-Jashub to Meet Ahaz – 7:3-9 (By)

        3. The Sign For Ahaz – 7:10-17 (Bz)

            a. Ask the LORD Your God for a Sign – 7:10-12 (Ca)

            b. The LORD Himself Will Give You A Sign – 7:13-14 (Cb)

            c. He Will Eat Curds and Honey – 7:15-17 (Cc)

        4. In That Day the LORD Will Whistle – 7:18-25 (Cd)

    C. The Birth of Immanuel – 8:1 to 9:7 (Ce)

        1. The Sign of Maher – Shalal – Hash – Baz – 8:1-4 (Cf)

        2. Mighty Floodwaters: The King of Assyria – 8:5-10 (Cg)

        3. A Stone That Causes Men To Stumble and A Rock That Makes Them Fall – 8:11-15 (Ch)

        4. Why Consult the Dead On Behalf of the Living – 8:16-22 (Ci)

        5. He Will Honor Galilee of the Gentiles – 9:1-3 (Cj)

        6. He Will Be Called the Prince of Peace – 9:4-7 (Ck)

            a. For As In the Day of Midian’s Defeat – 9:4-5 (Cl)

            b. For To Us A Child Is Born – 9:6-7 (Cm)

                1) He Will Be Called Wonderful Counselor – 9:6 (Cn)

                2) He Will Reign On David’s Throne – 9:7 (Co)

    D. The LORD’s Anger Against Isra'el – 9:8 to 10:4 (Cp)

        1. The LORD Has Sent a Message Against Jacob – 9:8-12 (Cq)

        2. The LORD Will Cut Off the Head and the Tail – 9:13-17 (Cr)

        3. Manasseh Will Feed On Ephraim – 9:18-21 (Cs)

        4. Woe To Those Who Make Unjust Laws – 10:1-4 (Ct)

    E. The Judgment of Assyria – 10:5-34 (Cu)

        1. Woe to the Assyrian, the Rod of My Anger – 10:5-11 (Cv)

        2. The Light Of Isra'el Will Become A Fire – 10:12-19 (Cw)

        3. The Remnant Will Rely on the Holy One of Isra'el – 10:20-27 (Cx)

        4. Lebanon Will Fall Before the Mighty One – 10:28-34 (Cy)

    F. The Reign of Immanuel – 11:1 to 12:6 (Cz)

        1. The Dispensations of God (Da)

        2. The Nine Missing Articles in the Messiah’s Coming Temple – 11:1-10 (Db)

        3. A Shoot Will Come Up from the Stump of Jesse – 11:1-5 (Dc)

        4. The Wolf Will Live With The Lamb – 11:6-10 (Dd)

        5. God Is My Salvation, I Will Trust and Not Be Afraid – 11:11 to 12:6 (De)

VI. The Oracles Against the Nations – 13:1 to 23:18 (Df)

    A. An Oracle Concerning Babylon – 13:1 to 14:23 (Dg)

        1. The Fall of the City of Babylon – 13:1-22 (Dh)

            a. I Have Commanded My Holy Ones – 13:1-5 (Di)

            b. Wail, for the Day of the Lord is Near – 13:6-16 (Dj)

            c. Babylon, the Jewel of Kingdoms, will be Overthrown – 13:17-22 (Dk)

        2. The LORD will have Compassion on Jacob – 14:1-3 (Dl)

        3. The Fall of the King of Babylon – 14:4-23 (Dm)

            a. The LORD Has Broken the Rod of the Wicked – 14:4-8 (Dn)

            b. All Your Pomp Has Been Brought Down to the Grave – 14:9-11 (Do)

            c. How You Have Fallen From Heaven, O Morning Star – 14:12-15 (Dp)

            d. Those Who See You Stare and Ponder Your Fate – 14:16-20a (Dq)

            e. I Will Cut Off From Babylon Her Name – 14:20b-23 (Dr)

    B. The Oracle Concerning Assyria – 14:24-27 (Ds)

    C. The Oracle Concerning Philistia – 14:28-32 (Dt)

    D. The Oracle Concerning Moab – 15:1 to 16:14 (Du)

        1. Moab is Destroyed in a Single Night – 15:1-9 (Dv)

        2. The Hope of Moab’s Salvation – 16:1-6 (Dw)

        3. My Heart Laments for Moab Like a Harp – 16:7-14 (Dx)

    E. The Oracle Concerning Damascus (Syria) and Samaria (Isra'el) – 17:1-14 (Dy)

        1. In That Day the Glory of Jacob Will Fade – 17:1-8 (Dz)

        2. In That Day Their Strong Cities Will Be Abandoned – 17:9-14 (Ea)

    F. The Oracle Concerning Ethiopia (Or Cush) – 18:1-7 (Eb)

    G. The Oracle Concerning Egypt – 19:1-25 (Ec)

        1. I Will Stir Up Egyptian Against Egyptian – 19:1-10 (Ed)

        2. The Wise Counselors of Pharaoh Give Senseless Advice – 19:11-15 (Ee)

        3. The LORD Will Make Himself Known to the Egyptians – 19:16-22 (Ef)

        4. Blessed Be Egypt, Assyria and Isra'el – 19:23-25 (Eg)

    H. The Oracle Concerning Egypt and Ethiopia – 20:1-6 (Eh)

    I. The Oracle Concerning Babylon – 21:1-10 (Ei)

    J. The Oracle Concerning Edom (Duma) – 21:11-12 (Ej)

    K. The Oracle Concerning Arabia – 21:13-17 (Ek)

    L. An Oracle About Jerusalem – 22:1-25 (El)

        1. A Day of Terror in the Valley of Vision – 22:1-14 (Em)

        2. Shebna: The Unfaithful Steward – 22:15-19 (En)

        3. Eliakim: The Faithful Steward – 22:20-25 (Eo)

    M. The Oracle Concerning Tyre – 23:1-18 (Ep)

        1. Timeline for Tyre (Eq)

        2. Wail, You Ships of Tarshish; Your Fortress is Destroyed – 23:1-14 (Er)

        3. Her Earnings Will Be Set Apart for the LORD – 23:15-18 (Es)

VII. The Little Apocalypse of Isaiah – 24:1 to 27:13 (Et)

    A. The Rapture and the Great Tribulation – 24:1-23 (Eu)

        1. A Curse Consumes the Earth – 24:1-13 (Ev)

        2. From the Ends of the Earth We Hear Singing – 24:14-16a (Ew)

        3. Terror and Pit and Snare Await You, O People of the Earth – 24:16b-20 (Ex)

        4. They Will Be Herded Together Like Prisoners – 24:21-23 (Ey)

    B. The Song of Praise – 25:1-12 (Ez)

        1. You Have Been a Refuge for the Poor and the Needy – 25:1-5 (Fa)

        2. The LORD Will Provide a Feast of Rich Food for All Peoples – 25:6-8 (Fb)

        3. Surely This Is Our God; We Trusted In Him – 25:9-12 (Fc)

    C. The Song of Salvation in the Land of Judah – 26:1-19 (Fd)

        1. We Have a Strong City; God Makes Salvation It’s Walls – 26:1-6 (Fe)

        2. LORD, You Establish Peace For Us – 26:7-18 (Ff)

        3. You Who Dwell in the Dust Will Wake Up and Shout for Joy – 26:19 (Fg)

    D. The Restoration of Isra'el – 26:20 to 27:13 (Fh)

        1. Go, My People, Enter Your Rooms and Shut the Doors – 26:20 to 27:1 (Fi)

        2. In Days to Come Jacob Will Take Root – 27:2-13 (Fj)

VIII. The Book of Woes - 28:1 to 35:10 (Fk)

    A. The Distress of Ariel – 28:1 to 29:24 (Fl)

        1. With Foreign Lips and Strange Tongues God Will Speak to This People – 28:1-13 (Fm)

        2. Your Covenant of Death Will Be Annulled – 28:14-29 (Fn)

        3. Woe to You, Ariel, Ariel, the City Where David Settled – 29:1-8 (Fo)

        4. Woe to Those Who Go to Great Depths to Hide Their Plans From the LORD – 29:9-16 (Fp)

        5. In That Day the Deaf Will Hear the Words of the Scroll – 29:17-24 (Fq)

    B. Warning Against Alliance with Egypt – 30:1 to 31:9 (Fr)

        1. Woe to the Obstinate Children, Declares the LORD – 30:1-7 (Fs)

        2. These are Deceitful Children Unwilling to Listen to the LORD – 30:8-17 (Ft)

        3. The People of Zion Will Weep No More – 30:18-26 (Fu)

        4. The Voice of the LORD Will Shatter Assyria – 30:27-33 (Fv)

        5. Woe to Those Who Go Down to Egypt for Help – 31:1-9 (Fw)

    C. The Reign of a Righteous King – 32:1-20 (Fx)

        1. See, a King will Reign in Righteousness – 32:1-8 (Fy)

        2. You Women Who Are So Complacent – 32:9-14 (Fz)

        3. Till the Spirit is Poured Upon Us from On High – 32:15-20 (Ga)

    D. The Proper Place of Security – 33:1-24 (Gb)

        1. Woe to You, O Destroyer, You Who Have Not Been Destroyed – 33:1-6 (Gc)

        2. Look, Their Brave Men Cry Aloud in the Streets - 33:7-16 (Gd)

        3. Your Eyes Will See the King in His Beauty – 33:17-24 (Ge)

    E. The LORD’s Judgment Against All the Nations – 34:1-17 (Gf)

        1. The LORD is Angry With All the Nations – 34:1-4 (Gg)

        2. The Sword of the LORD is Bathed in Blood – 34:5-8 (Gh)

        3. Edom’s Streams Will Be Turned into Pitch – 34:9-17 (Gi)

    F. The Restoration of Isra'el - 35:1-10 (Gj)

        1. The Desert and the Parched Land Will Be Glad – 35:1-4 (Gk)

        2. The Three Messianic Miracles – 35:5-7 (Gl)

        3. The Highway of Holiness Will Be There – 35:8-10 (Gm)

IX. The Crisis of the Fourteenth Year of King Hezekiah 36:1 to 39:8 (Gn)

    A. Hezekiah and the Assyrians – 36:1 to 37:38 (Go)

        1. The Timeline of Sennacherib’s Invasion of Judah (Gp)

        2. In the Fourteenth Year of Hezekiah’s Reign – 36:1 (Gq)

        3. Please Speak to Your Servants in Aramaic – 36:2-12 (Gr)

        4. Do Not Let Hezekiah Deceive You – 36:13-22 (Gs)

        5. Hezekiah Sent Eliakim and Shebna to the prophet Isaiah – 37:1-13 (Gt)

        6. Hezekiah Spread the Letter Before the LORD – 37:14-20 (Gu)

        7. I Will Save This City for My Sake and for the Sake of David My Servant – 37:21-35 (Gv)

        8. The Angel of the LORD Put To Death a Hundred and Eighty Five Thousand Men – 37:36-38 (Gw)

    B. Hezekiah’s Illness and Recovery – 38:1-22 (Gx)

        1. Hezekiah Became Ill and Was at the Point of Death – 38:1-8 (Gy)

        2. You Have Put All My Sins Behind Your Back – 38:9-22 (Gz)

    C. The King of Babylon Sent Hezekiah a Gift – 39:1-8 (Ha)

X. The Redemption and Restoration of Israel – 40:1 to 66:24 (Hb)

    A. Comfort, Comfort My People Says Your God – 40:1-11 (Hc)

    B. That Her Warfare Had Been Completed – 40:12 to 48:22 (Hd)

        1. The God of Hope – 40:12-31 (He)

            a. Surely the Nations Are Like a Drop in the Bucket – 40:12-17 (Hf)

            b. He Sits Enthroned Above the Circle of the Earth – 40:18-26 (Hg)

            c. But Those Who Hope in the LORD Will Renew Their Strength– 40:27-31 (Hh)

        2. Idolatry on Trial – 41:1-29 (Hi)

            a. Who Has Stirred Up the One from the East? – 41:1-7 (Hj)

            b. The Helper of Isra'el – 41:8-20 (Hk)

                1) The Cone of Isaiah – 41:8-10 (Hl)

                2) I am the LORD, Your God, Who Takes Hold of Your Right Hand – 41:11-20 (Hm)

            c. Present Your Case says the LORD – 41:21-29 (Hn)

        3. The Servant of God the Father – 42:1-25 (Ho)

            a. Here Is My Servant, Whom I Uphold – 42:1-9 (Hp)

            b. Sing to the LORD a New Song, His Praise from the Ends of the Earth – 42:10-17 (Hq)

            c. Hear, You Deaf; Look, You Blind, and See – 42:18-25 (Hr)

        4. The Coming Deliverance from Babylon – 43:1 to 44:5 (Hs)

            a. I Have Created You, O Jacob: Fear Not, for I Have Redeemed You – 43:1-7 (Ht)

            b. I Am the LORD, Your Holy One, Isra'el’s Creator, Your King – 43:8-21 (Hu)

            c. I Blot Out Your Transgressions for My Own Sake – 43:22-28 (Hv)

            d. For I Will Pour Out My Spirit on Your Offspring – 44:1-5 (Hw)

        5. All Who Make Idols are Nothing and the Things They Treasure are Worthless – 44:6-23 (Hx)

            a. No, There Is No Other Rock, I Know Not One – 44:6-20 (Hy)

            b. I Have Swept Away Your Sins Like the Morning Mist and Redeemed You – 44:21-23 (Hz)

        6. The Deliverance by Cyrus the Great – 44:24 to 45:25 (Ia)

            a. Cyrus is My Shepherd and Will Accomplish All that I Need – 44:24-28 (Ib)

            b. This is What the LORD says to Cyrus His Anointed – 45:1-8 (Ic)

            c. I Will Raise Up Cyrus in My Righteousness – 45:9-17 (Id)

            d. Turn to Me and Be Saved, For I Am God – 45:18-25 (Ie)

        7. The Judgment of Babylon and Her Idols – 46:1 to 47:15 (If)

            a. Bel Bows Down, Nebo Stoops Low – 46:1-13 (Ig)

            b. Go Down, in the Dust, Virgin Daughter of Babylon – 47:1-15 (Ih)

        8. How Can We Know When a Message Has Not Been Spoken by the LORD – 48:1-22 (Ii)

            a. I Foretold the Former Things Long Ago – 48:1-11 (Ij)

            b. Listen to Me, O Jacob, Israel Whom I Have Called – 48:12-22 (Ik)

    C. That Her Sin Had Been Pardoned – 49:1 to 57:21 (Il)

        1. The Mission of the Servant of the LORD – 49:1-26 (Im)

            a. He Made My Mouth like a Sharpened Sword – 49:1-13 (In)

            b. Zion Consoled – 49:14-26 (Io)

                1) Zion not Rejected – 49:14-21 (Ip)

                2) The Gentiles and the Return of Isra'el – 49:22-26 (Iq)

        2. Because the Sovereign LORD Helps Me, I Will Set My Face Like a Flint – 50:1-11 (Ir)

        3. Everlasting Salvation for Zion – 51:1 to 52:12 (Is)

            a. Look to the Rock from which You Were Cut – 51:1-8 (It)

            b. Awake, Awake! Clothe Yourself with Strength – 51:9-16 (Iu)

            c. Awake, Awake! Rise Up, O, Jerusalem – 51:17-23 (Iv)

            d. Awake, Awake! O, Zion, Put On Your Garments of Splendor – 52:1-6 (Iw)

            e. How Beautiful are Those Who Bring Good News – 52:7-12 (Ix)

        4. The Death of the Suffering Servant – 52:13 to 53:12 (Iy)

            a. See, My Servant Will Act Wisely – 52:13-15 (Iz)

            b. Who Has Believed Our Message? – 52:1-3 (Ja)

            c. Yet We Considered Him Punished, Stricken and Afflicted by God – 53:4-6 (Jb)

            d. He was Oppressed and Afflicted, Yet He Did Not Open His Mouth – 53:7-9 (Jc)

            e. Yet It Was the LORD’s Will to Crush Him and Cause Him to Suffer – 53:10-12 (Jd)

        5. The Restoration of the Wife of the LORD – 54:1-17 (Je)

            a. For Your Maker is Your Husband – 54:1-8 (Jf)

            b. In Righteousness You Will Be Established – 54:9-17 (Jg)

        6. The Offer of Salvation to the Gentile Nations – 55:1 to 56:8 (Jh)

            a. My Word That Goes Out from My Mouth Will Not Return Empty – 55:1-13 (Ji)

            b. My House Will be Called a House of Prayer for All Nations – 56:1-8 (Jj)

        7. Rebuke for the Wicked and Promises to the Faithful – 56:9 to 58:14 (Jk)

            a. Isra'el’s Watchmen Are Blind, They All Lack Knowledge – 56:9 to 57:2 (Jl)

            b. You Have Made Your Bed on Every Hill – 57:3-13 (Jm)

            c. I Live in a High and Holy Place, But Also in the Contrite – 57:14-21 (Jn)

    D. That She Had Received from the LORD Double for All Her Sin – 58:1 to 66:24 (Jo)

        1. Isra'el’s National Wickedness – 58:1 to 59:21 (Jp)

            a. True Fasting – 58:1-14 (Jq)

            b. We Acknowledge Turning Our Backs on God – 59:1-15a (Jr)

            c. He Will Repay Wrath to His Enemies – 59:15b-21 (Js)

        2. Isra'el in the Messianic Kingdom – 60:1-22 (Jt)

            a. The Glory of the LORD Rises Upon You – 60:1-3 (Ju)

            b. The Attraction of the Gentiles – 60:4-9 (Jv)

            c. Foreigners Will Rebuild Your Walls and Serve You – 60:10-14 (Jw)

            d. You Will Call Your Walls Salvation and Your Gates Praise – 60:15-22 (Jx)

        3. The Year of the LORD’s Favor and the Day of Vengeance – 61:1-11 (Jy)

            a. The Spirit of the LORD is Upon Me to Preach the Good News – 61:1-2a (Jz)

            b. And the Day of Vengeance of Our God – 61:2b-3 (Ka)

            c. All Who See Them Will Acknowledge that They are a People of the LORD – 61:4-11 (Kb)

        4. The Redemption of Jerusalem and Isra'el – 62:1 to 63:6 (Kc)

            a. You Will be a Crown of Splendor in the LORD’s Hand – 62:1-5 (Kd)

            b. I Have Posted Watchmen on Your Walls, O Jerusalem – 62:6-9 (Ke)

            c. You Will be Called Sought After, the City No Longer Deserted – 62:10-12 (Kf)

            d. The Second Coming of Jesus Christ to Bozrah – 63:1-6 (Kg)

            e. The Eight Stage Campaign of Armageddon (Kh)

        5. Isra'el’s National Confession of Sin – 63:7 to 64:12 (Ki)

            a. In All Their Distresses He Too Was Distressed – 63:7-14 (Kj)

            b. Return for the Sake of Your Servants – 63:15-19 (Kk)

            c. Come Down to Make Your Name Known to Your Enemies – 64:1-4 (Kl)

            d. All Our Righteous Acts Are Like Filthy Rags – 64:5-12 (Km)

        6. God’s Plan for Isra'el – 65:1-25 (Kn)

            a. Keep Your Distance, I am Holier Than You – 65:1-7 (Ko)

            b. My Chosen People Will Inherit My Mountains – 65:8-16 (Kp)

            c. The Wolf and the Lamb Will Eat Together – 65:17-25 (Kq)

        7. The Rebirth of Isra'el – 66:1-24 (Kr)

            a. The Rejection of the Tribulation Temple – 66:1-4 (Ks)

            b. Hear the Word of the LORD, You Who Tremble at His Word – 66:5-6 (Kt)

            c. Do I Bring to the Moment of Birth and Not Give Delivery – 66:7-9 (Ku)

            d. I Will Extend Peace to Her Like a River – 66:10-14 (Kv)

            e. See, the LORD is Coming with Fire, Like a Whirlwind – 66:15-17 (Kw)

            f. Those Who Survive Will Proclaim My Glory to the Gentiles – 66:18-21 (Kx)

            g. All Mankind Will Bow Down Before Me – 66:22-24 (Ky)

 

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