DIG: What was different about this church from all the others? What does the key of David open? Why does Christ say some claim to be Jews though they are not? Who were they? What did they do? How was this church able to persevere? Describe their enemies. How did their reward fit in with their faithfulness?
REFLECT: Yeshua Messiah has placed an open door to the kingdom of God before each and every person (John 316). What have you done with that open door? Have you walked through it to salvation? Or have you slammed it in the Lord’s face? Such insurmountable opportunities turn our attention away from ourselves and force us to trust completely in ADONAI. So, as you look beyond your own current “limitations” and the doors that Jesus has closed in your life, what other opportunities could you be overlooking?
There are those who say, “I wouldn’t step foot in that place. They are just a bunch of hypocrites. I know so and so, and she lives like the devil all week and goes there on the weekend.” The plain truth is that there are no perfect places of worship. In fact, local church is merely a bunch of sinners getting together. Believers are simply imperfect, sinning people. The body of Christ made up of Jewish and Gentile believers (Ephesians 2:14), is not a place for people with no weaknesses; it is a fellowship of those who are aware of their weaknesses and long for the strength and grace of God to fill their lives. It is a kind of hospital for the sick and the needy.
To the angel of the church in Philadelphia (3:7a). Like all churches, the one in Philadelphia was not perfect. Yet Jesus commended its members for their faithfulness and loyalty. They, and the congregation at Smyrna, were the only two of the seven that received no rebuke from Yeshua. In spite of their fleshly struggles, the believers in Philadelphia were faithful and obedient, serving and worshiping the Lord. They provide a good model of a loyal church.102
1. The description of Christ: For the first time, His description does not refer back to the vision of the glorified Son of Man in 1:12-16. This suggests a distinctively new message to that particular church. First He emphasized His own unique attributes of holiness and truthfulness by saying: Here is the message of HaKadosh, the True One (3:7b CJB). HaKadosh means the Holy One, and is translated Sovereign Ruler, or God the Father in 6:10. Furthermore, in the Talmud, the Jewish Prayerbook and other writings, it is common to refer to God as HaKadosh, barukh hu or the Holy One, blessed be He. But here, and First John 2:20, this title refers to Yeshua Messiah so there is no need for the blessed be He because here the Holy One is talking about Himself. Consequently, Christ is to be identified with God, but He is not the Father. Jesus is the True One, the one who is faithful.
Furthermore, Christ describes Himself as the One who holds the key of David (3:7c). It is clear from 5:5 and 22:16 that David is a symbol of the messianic office. To hold the key is to have the authority because the one holding it had total supervision of the royal chamber. He was the one who would decide who could, and who could not see the king. There is a reference to the key of David that is particularly important. The Bible tells us that the LORD placed on the shoulders of Eliakim, the king’s chief steward, the key to the house of David. What he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts, no one can open (Isaiah 22:22). Oriental keys, being unusually large and heavy, were usually carried on the shoulders. This idea is expressed in Isaiah 9:6, where it is said of the Messiah, "For to us a child is born, to us a Son is given, and the government will be upon his shoulders."103
Therefore, Eliakim was presented to the people in Hezekiah’s day as a visible foreshadowing of the coming Messiah, upon whose shoulders the LORD would place the kingdoms of the world. Like Eliakim, Jesus presents Himself as He who opens no one can shut, and what He shuts, no one can open (3:7d). This emphasizes His omnipotence. There is no one more powerful than He. During the days of Isaiah, ADONAI asked Isra'el: When I act, who can reverse it (Isaiah 43:13)? Obviously, no one. No one can shut the door to the Kingdom of God if He opens it, and no one can force the door to the Kingdom open if He shuts it.
Jesus gave His disciples the commission to go and make disciples of all nations on the basis of what He had said in Matthew 28:18: All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me. He alone controls the door of opportunity for the preaching of the Gospel. No world leader can shut that door unless Messiah shuts it. This is not only true of the Great Missionary Movement, but it is also true of the individual. The late Dr. Henrietta Mears was a great leader of young people and she often used Revelation 3:7c in challenging those called of the Lord to obey His word without fear or reservation. This message is much needed by the Lord’s servants today.104
2. The church: The message to this
church is in some respects the most
interesting of all the messages to the seven (3:7a). It was a small church,
possessing only a little strength, but it remained faithful to
the Lord. Some
believers from Philadelphia were martyred with Polycarp at Smyrna. Its enemies
came from outside, not inside the body of Christ for there is no mention of
heresy or division. It had a good deal in common with that at Smyrna. Both
received no blame, only praise. Both suffered from those who claimed
to be Jews but were
not, both were persecuted it would seem by the Romans, both were
assured their opposition was satanic and both were promised a crown.105
church there lasted for centuries, unyielding even after the region was overrun
by the Muslims, finally giving way in the mid-fourteenth century.
3. The city: Philadelphia was about twenty-eight miles southeast of Sardis (3:7b). From the Hermus River Valley, where Sardis and Smyrna were located, a smaller valley of the Cogamis River branches off to the southeast. A road through this valley provides the best means of ascending the 2,500 feet from the Hermus Valley to the vast central plateau.
Philadelphia was the youngest of the seven cities of Asia Minor, founded sometime after 189 BC by either King Eumenes of Pergamum or his brother, Attalus II. In either case, Attalus was so loyal and devoted to his brother that he was given the nickname Philadelphus, which is similar to the Greek word Philadelphia, meaning brotherly love (Romans 12:10; First Thessalonians 4:9; Hebrews 13:1; First Peter 1:22; Second Peter 1:7 twice; and here in Revelation 3:7). Brotherly love occurs seven times in the Renewed Covenant, but only here is it used of the city itself.106 Philadelphia was intended to serve as a “missionary city” to bring the Greek culture to the newly annexed area of Lydia and Phrygia. This succeeded so well that by AD 19 the Lydian language had been completely replaced by the Greek, which had become the official language of the Roman Empire.
It is known as the city of earthquakes and was destroyed several times. The devastating earthquake of AD 17 leveled twelve cities in Asia Minor over night. Although the initial damage was greater in Sardis, Philadelphia, being closer to the fault line, experienced after-shocks for years. Many of the people remained outside the city, living in huts. They lived in constant fear of another disaster and the habit of going out to the open country had probably not disappeared by the time the seven letters was written in AD 95 or 96.107 The city was also located near the edge of a volcanic region whose fertile soil was ideal for vineyards. Because of this, the people there worshiped Dionysus, the god of wine. Philadelphia was prosperous partly from the grape industry that flourished in the area, but also because of its location. It was on the normal trade route, and had a strategic location that sat on the border of three ancient Roman provinces, Mysia, Lydia and Phrygia. If you wanted to go somewhere in Asia Minor, you had to go through Philadelphia. It became known as the “gateway to the East.”108
4. The concern: Because of their faithfulness, this church, along with the one in Smyrna, received no rebuke in its letter from the Lord. The fact that Yeshua, the holy, true sovereign, omnipotent Lord of the Church, found nothing to condemn them for must have been extremely encouraging to them.
5. The commendation: Finding nothing in their deeds that He disapproved of, Jesus commended them on their faithfulness, saying: See, I have placed before you an open door that no one can shut (3:8a). Jesus holds the key to that door of salvation. In fact, His name means salvation. He had placed before them an open door to the Kingdom of God and no one could shut it.
I know that you have little worldly strength, but much spiritual power, since you have kept My word and have not denied My name (3:8b). Evidently there had been persecution of some sort during the first century, but the believers there had stood firm. For such a little band of believers, they were very courageous. Along with Paul they could say: For Christ’s sake, I delight in weaknesses, in insults, in hardships, in persecutions, and in difficulties. For when I am weak, then I am strong (Second Corinthians 12: 10). So despite their small size, there was an abundance of spiritual fruit.109
Jesus then warned them about those who claimed to be the people of God but were not. He said: They are of the synagogue of Satan, the Adversary. Apparently the false apostles and other false teachers who plagued the other churches had been unable to get any hearing in either Philadelphia or Smyrna.110 Apparently they organized themselves into a pseudo-messianic synagogue. As it usually does, their false doctrine probably led to sinful and immoral behavior. Yeshua declared to the church in Philadelphia, “They claim to be Jews though they are not.” As in 2:9, nowhere in the New Covenant are unbelieving Jews called non-Jews, therefore, they were liars pretending to be praacticing Jews. From Messiah’s point of view, because they were turning to a different gospel, which was really no gospel at all (Galatians 1:6b-7a), they were actually not from a true messianic synagogue of God, but from a counterfeit synagogue of Satan (3:9a).
But in the larger context of history, we must remember that it is still the period described by Hosea when Israel is on the sideline of God’s prophetic program and considered to be not His people (Hosea 1:8-9, 2:23). But in the future they will again become His people (Hosea 1:10-2:1, 3:5). Here John looks forward to the messianic Kingdom, when Yeshua will make unbelievers come and fall down at their feet and acknowledge that He has loved them (3:9b). It is interesting to note that during this time that Jewish missions came into its own. It first began in Germany, took root in England, and finally came to fruition in the United States. It continues to be a time when many of the branches are being regrafted into their own Olive Tree. So there will come a day when the kings and queens of the earth will bow down before messianic Jews in the millennial Kingdom (Isaiah 49:23; 60:14).
Jesus promised that since they had kept His command to endure patiently, He would also keep them from, or out of, the hour of trial that is going to come upon the whole world to test those unbelievers who live on the earth (6:10, 8:13, 11:10, 13:8, 13:12-14, 17:2 and 8). Because the believers at Philadelphia had passed so many trials, Yeshua promised to spare them from the ultimate trial (3:10). The sweeping nature of the promise extends far beyond the local Philadelphia congregation in the first century to encompass all the faithful Church throughout the history of the B'rit Chadashah. The hour of trial is Daniel’s 70th Week (Daniel 9:25-27), the time of trouble for Jacob (Jeremiah 30:7), or the seven-year period known as the Great Tribulation.111 Jesus Christ promises to keep His Body of believers from this hour of trial that will come upon unbelievers. However, if the lost repent during that time, they will be martyred and saved .
Christ promised the church in Philadelphia that it would remain strong and secure (3:11-12). He said: I am coming quickly (3:11a). The coming of the Lord to Ephesus (2:5), Pergamum (2:16), and Sardis (3:3) posed a threat to each church. At Ephesus the lampstand was to be removed unless they repented; at Pergamum Yeshua would war against them with the sword of His mouth; at Sardis He would come like a thief in the night (3:3). The coming to Philadelphia, however, would end their time of persecution and establish them as permanent citizens of the kingdom of God.112 And because we are in the Philadelphia Church Age now, it will happen only after several specific things occur (see Bg – The Sequence of Pretribulational Events). Nevertheless, every believer’s response should be: Amen, come Lord Jesus (22:20).
6. The command: Because of Messiah’s impending return for His Body, believers are commanded to hold on to what they had. The believers at the church in Philadelphia had been faithful to the Lord in the midst of persecution. They were to continue in their faithfulness. Those who hold on to their faith demonstrate the genuineness of their salvation (Matthew 10:22; 24:13). In writing to the Colossian church about Yeshua, the apostle Paul said: He has now reconciled you by Christ’s physical body through death to present you holy in His sight, without blemish and free from accusation – if you continue in your faith, established and firm, not moved from the hope held out in the gospel (Colossians 1:22-23). The Bible teaches that those who abandon their faith were never really believers to begin with: They went out from us, but they did not really belong to us. For if they had belonged to us, they would have remained with us; but their going showed that none of them belonged to us (First John 2:19). Our salvation is secure in Christ, but these believers in Philadelphia were commanded to hold on.
Messiah’s promise to the one who faithfully persevered was that no one would take your crown (3:11b). The crown of life was also promised to the believers in Smyrna. God has promised this crown to all those who remain faithful to Him when under persecution. Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love Him (James 1:12). The crown was the wreath awarded to the winner of an athletic contest (1 Corinthians 9:25; 2 Timothy 4:8). The metaphor would have been especially appropriate to this church because the city of Philadelphia was well known for it games and festivals.113
7. The counsel: In light of the historical background of Philadelphia’s disastrous earthquake, it’s significant that Yeshua promised that they would be made pillars in the Temple of God, never to go out from it again. The one who overcomes I will make a pillar in the Temple of My God (3:13a). An overcomer is one who overcomes the world (First John 2:15-16) by faith in the Messiah (John 16:33). A pillar represents stability, permanence, and immobility. Pillars can also represent honor. In pagan temples pillars were often carved to represent a specific deity. The marvelous promise Christ makes to believers is that they will have an eternal place of honor in the Temple of God.114 To people that were accustomed to fleeing their city because of earthquakes, the promise that they would never again have to leave their homes in the New Jerusalem (21:1-27), was understood by them as eternal security in the Kingdom of God (see my commentary on The Life of Christ Ms - The Eternal Security of the Believer).
Then, to assure them that their citizenship was in heaven was guaranteed, Jesus Christ said: I will write on them the name of My God and the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from My God (3:12b). People identify with the name given to them, and He added: And I will also write on them My new name. In the TaNaKh, God put His name (YHVH) on the people of Isra'el by having the Levites recite Aaron’s blessing (Numbers 6:24-27). The faithful bear the name of God (22:4), and the name of the Messiah (14:1), including their own new name (2:17, 3:12b, 19:12). Therefore, as proof of ownership, believers will have three names written on them: the name of God, the New Jerusalem, and the new name of Yeshua the Messiah. Interestingly enough, the followers of the antichrist will have his name written on them also (see Dp – The Mark is the Name of the Beast or the Number of His Name).
The counsel: Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches, closes all seven letters (3:13). Believers must pay attention to the truths found in each letter because these churches describe seven different kinds of believers in every body of Christ. This letter to the church in Philadelphia reveals how the Lord pours out His blessings on those who remain faithful to Him. That should motivate each one of us to follow their example.
Thank you, Lord, that You have opened the door of heaven to me. May many pass through that door to enjoy eternal life with You.115
The name Philadelphia literally means brotherly love. Our Lord selected that church to describe the kind of revival that started around 1730 and will continue until the Rapture. Just as Sardis came out of Thyatira, so the Philadelphia revival came out of Sardis. The congregations of the Reformation became dead as a state church. Philadelphia, however, was marked by vitality of life. In that age, ADONAI produced revivals in Europe and the British Isles, even spreading to America. Those revivals in turn, produced what is known today as the Great Missionary Movement.
It was this movement of God the Holy Spirit that caused an English shoe cobbler to become so burdened for the lost of India that in 1793 he became the first foreign missionary. Other young people whom the Spirit of God also touched followed William Carey, and the movement began. Our Lord placed before that generation an open door. And that open door found such men as Adoniram Judson, David Livingston, Jonathan Goforth, Hudson Taylor and literally thousands of other people going to Africa, China, Japan, Korea, India South America and the islands of the sea.
There were two factors that led to the Great Missionary Movement. The first was the printing of the Bible in the language of the people and the natural tendency of the common person to take the Word of God literally. Therefore, when a young man like William Carey read Christ’s command to go and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19), he was inclined to obey it. The second was the increased interest of the study of the doctrine of the Second Coming. Around 1800 the doctrine of the premillennial return of Messiah, which had been all but dead since the end of the third century, was revived. This teaching led to a holy and separated Church. In preparation for the return of Yeshua, His body of believers was willing to do whatever He commanded.116
This is the last mention of the true, the Church until we get to the wedding feast of the Lamb in 19:7. The Church will be absent during Daniel's 70th Week because the groom, or Christ, will take His Bride, the Church, to His home in heaven (see Fg - Blessed Are Those who are Invited to the Wedding Feast of the Lamb).
When the Rapture comes, the Church, embodied by all the true believers in Messiah, will be caught up together in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air (First Thessalonians 4:17). As a result, only a shadow of the true universal Church will be left behind. In reality, it will merely have the appearance of being religious. Therefore, as we continue southward, as if completing a circle, we come to the last leg of our journey. Just down the dark, dusty road we come to the apostate church of Laodicea.
The Teaching Ministry of Jay Mack 2006-2016