The Outline of the Life of Christ

The basis for this commentary and outline is taken from the Life of Christ book, Tape and DVD Series from Arnold Fruchtenbaum and Ariel Ministries in San Antonio, Texas.

Life of Christ from a Jewish Perspective (Ac)


Para 1-2

A. The Purpose of Luke’s Gospel (Ae)

Para 1

B. The Memra of God (Af)

Para 2


Para 3-27

A. The Arrival of King Messiah (Ah)

Para 3-19

1. The Genealogies of Joseph and Mary (Ai)

Para 3

2. The Birth of King Messiah (Aj)

Para 4-11

a. The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold (Ak)

Para 4

b. The Birth of Jesus Foretold to Mary (Al)

Para 5

c. Mary Visits Elizabeth (Am)

Para 6

d. The Song of Mary (An)

Para 7

e. The Birth of John the Baptist (Ao)

Para 8

f. Joseph Accepts Jesus As His Son (Ap)

Para 9

g. The Birth of Jesus (Aq)

Para 10

h. The Shepherds and the Angels (Ar)

Para 11

3. The Infancy and Childhood of Jesus (As)

Para 12-17

a. On the Eighth Day He was Circumcised and Named Yeshua (At)

Para 12

b. Jesus Presented in the Temple (Au)

Para 13

c. The Visit of the Magi (Av)

Para 14

d. Herod Gave Orders to Kill all the Boys in Bethlehem (Aw)

Para 15

e. He Will Be Called a Nazarene (Ax)

Para 16

f. The Child Grew and the Grace of God was Upon Him (Ay)

Para 17

4. The Boyhood of Jesus (Az)

Para 18-19

a. The Boy Jesus at the Temple (Ba)

Para 18

b. And Jesus Grew in Wisdom and in Favor with God (Bb)

Para 19

B. The Herald of King Messiah (Bc)

Para 20-23

1. The Word of God Came to John son of Zechariah in the Desert (Bd)

Para 20

2. John the Baptist Prepares the Way (Be)

Para 21

3. You Brood of Vipers, Who Warned You to Flee the Coming Wrath (Bf)

Para 22

4. I Will Baptize You With Water, He Will Baptize With the Spirit (Bg)

Para 23

C. The Approval of King Messiah (Bh)

Para 24-27

1. The Baptism of Jesus (Bi)

Para 24

2. Jesus is Tempted in the Wilderness (Bj)

Para 25

3. John the Baptist’s Testimony about Jesus (Bk)

Para 26-27

a. John the Baptist Denies Being the Messiah (Bl)

Para 26

b. John Identifies Jesus as the Lamb of God (Bm)

Para 27


Para 28-56

A. The Acceptance of King Messiah (Bo)

Para 28-36

1. John’s Disciples Follow Jesus (Bp)

Para 28

2. Jesus Changes Water Into Wine (Bq)

       Para 29

3. Jesus’ First Stay in Capernaum (Br)

     Para 30

4. The First Cleansing of the Temple (Bs)

     Para 31

5. Jesus’ Acceptance in Judea (Bt)

    Para 32

a. The Early Response to Jesus’ Miracles (Bu)

    Para 32a

b. Jesus Teaches Nicodemus (Bv)

     Para 32b

c. What God Does For Us at the Moment of Faith? (Bw)

6. John Testifies Again About Jesus (Bx)

     Para 33

7. Herod Locked John Up in Prison (By)

    Para 34

8. Jesus’ Acceptance in Samaria (Bz)

  Para 35

a. Jesus Talks With a Samaritan Woman (Ca)

     Jn 4:1-26

b. The Apostles Rejoin Jesus (Cb)

   Jn 4:27-38

c. Many Samaritans Believe (Cc)

     Jn 4:39-42

9. Jesus’ Acceptance in Galilee (Cd)

   Para 36

B. The Program of King Messiah (Ce)

      Para 37-56

1. Jesus Returned to Galilee in the Power of the Spirit (Cf)

   Para 37

2. Jesus Heals an Official’s Son (Cg)

  Para 38

3. The Spirit of the LORD is On Me (Ch)

      Para 39

4. Jesus’ Headquarters in Capernaum (Ci)

    Para 40

5. Come, Follow Me, and I Will Show You How to Fish for People (Cj)

   Para 41

6. Jesus Drives Out an Impure Spirit (Ck)

  Para 42

7. Simon’s Mother-in-Law Was in Bed with a High Fever (Cl)

      Para 43

8. Jesus Traveled Throughout Galilee, Proclaiming the Good News (Cm)

     Para 44

9. The First Messianic Miracle: Jesus Heals a Jewish Leper (Cn)

   Para 45

10. Jesus Forgives and Heals a Paralyzed Man (Co)

    Para 46

11. The Calling of Matthew (Levi) (Cp)

    Para 47

12. Jesus Questioned About Fasting (Cq)

    Para 48

13. The Power of Christ Over the Sabbath (Cr)

  Para 49-51

a. Jesus Heals a Man at the Pool of Bethesda (Cs)

    Para 49

b. The Authority of the Son (Ct)

     Para 49

c. If You Believed Moses, You Would Believe Me (Cu)

  Para 49

d. The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath (Cv)

    Para 50

e. Jesus Heals a Man With a Shriveled Hand (Cw)

    Para 51

14. God’s Chosen Servant (Cx)

     Para 52

15. These are the Names of the Twelve Apostles (Cy)

   Para 53

16. Introduction to the Sermon on the Mount (Cz)

  Para 54

a. The Sermon on the Mount (Da)

    Mt 5:3-16

(1) Blessed are the Poor in Spirit Theirs is the Kingdom (Db)

    Mt 5:3-12

(2) But Woe to You Who Are Rich (De)

     Lk 6:24-26

(3) You are the Salt of the Earth and Light of the World (Df)

  Mt 5:13-16

b. The Completion of the Torah (Dg)

   Mt 5:17-20

(1) You Have Heard That It Was Said: Do Not Murder (Dh)

    Mt 5:21-26

(2) You Have Heard It Said: Do Not Commit Adultery (Di)

  Mt 5:27-30

(3) It Has Been Said: Do Not Divorce (Dj)

     Mt 5:31-32

(4) You Have Heard It Said: Do Not Break Your Oath (Dk)

    Mt 5:33-37

(5) You Have Heard It Said: An Eye for an Eye (Dl)

     Mt 5:38-42

(6) You Have Heard It Said: Love Your Enemies (Dm)

    Mt 5:43-48

c. What True Righteousness Looks Like (Dn)

  Mt 6:1-18

(1) When You Give, Don't Do It to Be Honored by Others (Do)

Mt 6:1-4

(2) When You Pray, Go To Your Room and Close the Door (Dp)

Mt 6:5-15

(3) When You Fast, Put Oil on Your Head (Dq)

    Mt 6:16-18

(4) Store Up Treasures in Heaven (Dr)

     Mt 6:19-24

d. Warnings About True Righteousness (Ds)

  Mt 6:25-7:27

(1) Do Not Worry About Your Life (Dt)

     Mt 6:25-34

(2) Do Not Judge and You Will Not Be Judged (Du)

  Mt 7:1-6

(3) Ask and It Will Be Given; Seek and You Will Find (Dv)

  Mt 7:7-12

(4) The Narrow and Wide Gates (Dw)

  Mt 7:13-14

(5) Watch Out for False Prophets (Dx)

     Mt 7:15-23

(6) The Wise and Foolish Builders (Dy)

     Mt 7:24-27

e. When Jesus Had Finished, the Crowds Were Amazed (Dz)

  Mt 7:28-8:1

17. The Faith of the Centurion (Ea)

   Para 55

18. Jesus Raises a Widow’s Son (Eb)

Para 56


Para 57-71

A. John the Baptist Questions Jesus (Ed)

Para 57

B. Come to Me, All Who are Weary, and I Will Give You Rest (Ee)

Para 58

C. Jesus Anointed by a Woman Who Led a Sinful Life (Ef)

Para 59

D. Mary Magdalene Supported Jesus Out of Her Own Means (Eg)

Para 60

E. Jesus is Officially Rejected by the Sanhedrin (Eh)

Para 61-62

1. The Oral Law (Ei)

2. The Point of No Return For Israel (Ej)

Para 61

a. The Second Messianic Miracle: Jesus Heals a Blind Mute (Ek)

Mt 12:22-24

b. Every Kingdom Divided Against Itself Will Be Ruined (El)

Mt 12:25-29

c. Whoever Blasphemes Against the Holy Spirit (Em)

Mt 12:30-37

3. Four Drastic Changes in Christ’s Ministry (En)

Para 62

a. The Sign of the Prophet Jonah (Eo)

Mt 12:38-41

b. The Queen of the South Will Condemn this Evil Generation (Ep)

Mt 12:42-45

F. Revelation After the Rejection of King Messiah (Eq)

Para 63-68

1. That Same Day He Spoke to Them In Parables (Er)

2. The Public Parables of the Kingdom by the Sea (Es)

Para 64a

a. The Parable of the Soils (Et)

Mt 13:3-23

b. The Parable of the Seed Growing By Itself (Eu)

Mk 4:26-29

c. The Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds (Ev)

Mt 13:24-30

d. The Parable of the Mustard Seed (Ew)

Mt 13:31-32

e. The Parable of the Leaven (Ex)

Mt 13:33-35

3. Jesus’ Mother and Brothers (Ey)

Para 63

4. The Private Parables of the Kingdom in the House (Ez)

Para 64b

a. The Parable of the Weeds Explained (Fa)

Mt 13:36-43

b. The Parable of the Hidden Treasure (Fb)

Mt 13:44

c. The Parable of the Pearl (Fc)

Mt 13:45-46

d. The Parable of the Net (Fd)

Mt 13:47-50

e. The Parable of the Houseowner (Fe)

Mt 13:51-53

5. Jesus Calms the Storm (Ff)

Para 65

6. Jesus Heals Two Demon Possessed Men (Fg)

Para 66

7. Jesus Raises a Dead Girl and Heals a Sick Woman (Fh)

Para 67

8. Jesus Heals the Blind and Mute (Fi)

Para 68

G. Isn’t This the Carpenter’s Son? Aren’t Theses His Brothers? (Fj)

Para 69

H. Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Apostles (Fk)

Para 70

I. John the Baptist Beheaded (Fl)

Para 71


Para 72-95

A. Jesus Feeds the 5,000 (Fn)

Para 72

B. Jesus Rejects the Idea of a Political Messiah (Fo)

Para 73

C. Jesus Walks on the Water (Fp)

Para 74

D. Jesus’ Reception at Gennesaret (Fq)

Para 75

E. Jesus the Bread of Life (Fr)

Para 76

F. Why Do Your Disciples Break the Tradition of the Elders? (Fs)

Para 77

G. The Faith of a Canaanite Woman (Ft)

Para 78

H. Jesus Heals a Deaf Mute and Feeds the Four Thousand (Fu)

Para 79

I. The Pharisees and Sadducees ask for a Sign (Fv)

Para 80

J. The Leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees (Fw)

Para 81

K. On This Rock I Will Build My Church (Fx)

Para 82

L. Jesus Predicts His Death (Fy)

Para 83

M. Instruction About the Kingdom of God (Fz)

Para 84-85

1. If Anyone is Ashamed of Jesus, He Will Be Ashamed of You (Ga)

Para 84

2. Jesus went up a High Mountain and was Transfigured (Gb)

Para 85

N. Elijah Has Already Come, and They Did Not Recognize Him (Gc)

Para 86

O. Jesus Heals a Demon-Possessed Boy (Gd)

Para 87

P. Jesus Predicts His Death a Second Time (Ge)

Para 88

Q. Jesus and the Temple Tax (Gf)

Para 89

R. The Greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven (Gg)

Para 90

S. If Anyone Causes One of These Little Ones to Stumble (Gh)

Para 91

T. If a Brother or Sisters Sins, Go and Point Our Their Fault (Gi)

Para 92

Luke is the only Gospel writer who claims to have written his account in a chronological order: Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught (Luke 1:3-4). The phrase orderly account is the Greek word kronos, which means chronology. A. T. Robinson deviated from Luke’s sequence here, but we will continue with Luke’s chronological order in paragraphs 94, 95 and then 93.

U. Even Jesus’ Brothers Did Not Believe in Him (Gj)

Para 94

V. As the Time Approached, Jesus Set Out for Jerusalem (Gk)

Para 95

W. The Son of Man Has No Place to Lay His Head (Gl)

Para 93


Para 96-111

A. Conflict at the Feast of Booths (Gn)

Para 96

1. Jesus Teaches at the Feast of Booths (Go)

Jn 7:11-36

2. On the Last and Greatest Day of the Feast (Gp)

Jn 7:37-52

B. The Woman Caught in the Act of Adultery (Gq)

Para 97

C. I AM the Light of the World (Gr)

Para 98

D. Before Abraham Was, I AM (Gs)

Para 99

E. Third Messianic Miracle: Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind (Gt)

Para 100

F. The Good Shepherd and His Sheep (Gu)

Para 101

G. Jesus Sends Out the Seventy (Gv)

Para 102

H. The Parable of the Good Samaritan (Gw)

Para 103

I. Jesus in the Home of Martha and Mary (Gx)

Para 104

J. Lord, Teach Us to Pray (Gy)

Para 105

K. Jesus Drives Out Another Mute Demon (Gz)

Para 106

L. Six Woes (Ha)

Para 107

M. Jesus’ Instruction in View of His Rejection (Hb)

Para 108-110

1. Warnings and Encouragements (Hc)

Para 108

2. The Parable of the Rich Fool (Hd)

Lk 12:13-34

3. The Parable of the Watchful Servants (He)

Lk 12:35-48

4. Not Peace But Division (Hf)

Lk 12:49-53

5. You Know How to Interpret the Weather, but Not Present Times (Hg)

Lk 12:54-59

6. Unless You Repent, You Will Perish (Hh)

Para 109

7. Jesus Heals a Crippled Woman on the Sabbath (Hi)

Para 110

N. Then Came Hanukkah at Jerusalem, and It Was Winter (Hj)

Para 111


Para 112-127

A. Then Jesus Went Back Across the Jordan (Hl)

Para 112

B. Instruction Concerning Entrance into the Kingdom (Hm)

Para 113

1. Enter Through the Narrow Door (Hn)

Lk 13:22-30

2. No Prophet Can Die Outside Jerusalem (Ho)

Lk 13:31-35

C. The Parable of the Great Banquet (Hp)

Para 114

D. If Anyone Does Not Hate His Father and Mother (Hq)

Para 115

E. The Parables of Luke 15 (Hr)

Para 116

1. The Parable of the Lost Sheep (Hs)

Lk 15:1-7

2. The Parable of the Lost Coin (Ht)

Lk 15:8-10

3. The Parable of the Lost Son and His Jealous Brother (Hu)

Lk 15:11-32

F. The Parables of Luke 16 (Hv)

Para 117

1. The Parable of the Shrewd Manager (Hw)

Lk 16:1-15

2. The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (Hx)

Lk 16:19-31

G. Things That Cause People to Sin are Bound to Come (Hy)

Lk 17:1-6

H. The Parable of the Obedient Servant (Hz)

Lk 17:7-10

I. The Resurrection of Lazarus: The First Sign of Jonah (Ia)

Para 118

J. The Plot to Kill Jesus (Ib)

Para 119

K. Instruction In Light of the Rejection of the First Sign (Ic)

Para 120

1. Jesus Heals Ten Men With Leprosy (Id)

Lk 17:11-19

2. The Coming of the Kingdom of God (Ie)

Lk 17:20-21

3. For the Son of Man in His Day Will Be Like Lightening (If)

Lk 17:22-37

L. The Parables of Luke 18 (Ig)

Para 121

1. The Parable of the Persistent Widow (Ih)

Lk 18:1-8

2. The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector (Ii)

Lk 18:9-14

M. Is It Lawful for a Man to Divorce His Wife? (Ij)

Para 122

N. The Little Children and Jesus (Ik)

Para 123

O. The Rich Young Ruler (Il)

Para 124

P. The Son of Man Gave His Life as a Ransom for Many (Im)

Para 125

Q. Bartimaeus Receives His Sight (In)

Para 126

R. Instruction Concerning the Kingdom (Io)

Para 127

1. Zacchaeus the Tax Collector (Ip)

Lk 19:1-10

2. The Parable of the Ten Minas (Iq)

Lk 19:11-28


Para 128-138

A. Jesus Came to Bethany, Where Lazarus Lived (Is)

Para 128a

B. Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem as the Passover Lamb (It)

Para 128b

D. Jesus Curses a Fig Tree (Iu)

Para 129

C. Jesus Drove Out All Who Were Buying and Selling (Iv)

Para 130

E. Jesus Predicts His Death (Iw)

Para 131

F. The Examination of the Lamb (Ix)

Para 132-135

1. By What Authority Are You Doing These Things? (Iy)

Para 132

2. Is It Right For Us to Pay Taxes to Caesar or Not? (Iz)

Para 133

3. Whose Wife Will She Be at the Resurrection? (Ja)

Para 134

4. Which is the Greatest Commandment? (Jb)

Para 135

G. Whose Son is the Messiah? (Jc)

Para 136

H. Seven Woes on the Torah-teachers and the Pharisees (Jd)

Para 137

I. The Widow’s Offering (Je)

Para 138


Para 139-152

A. The Prophecies of King Messiah (Jg)

Para 139

1. The Three Questions (Jh)

Lk 21:5-7

2. Watch Out That You Are Not Deceived (Ji)

Lk 21:8-9

3. Nation Will Rise Against Nation (Jj)

Lk 21:10-11

4. Everyone Will Hate You Because of Me (Jk)

Lk 21:12-19

5. Jerusalem Will Be Trampled Until the Times of the Gentiles (Jl)

Lk 21:20-24

6. A Time of Trouble for Jacob (Jm)

Mt 24:9-28

a. Events During the First Half of the Great Tribulation (Jn)

Mt 24:9-14

b. Events During the Second Half of the Great Tribulation (Jo)

Mt 24:15-28

7. The Earth Will Mourn When They See the Son of Man Coming (Jp)

Lk 21:25-28

8. The Parable of the Fig Tree (Jq)

Lk 21:29-33

9. The Day and Hour Unknown (Jr)

Lk 21:34-36

10. The Parables of Watchfulness, Readiness and Labor (Js)

Mt 24:43 to 25:30

a. The Parable of the Watchful Porter (Jt)

Mk 13:32-37

b. The Parable of the Owner of the House (Ju)

Mt 24:43-44

c. The Parable of the Faithful and Wicked Servants (Jv)

Mt 24:45-51

d. The Parable of the Ten Virgins (Jw)

Mt 25:1-13

e. The Parable of the Bags of Gold (Jx)

Mt 25:14-30

11. The Sheep and the Goats (Jy)

Mt 25:31-46

B. The Preparation for King Messiah’s Death (Jz)

Para 140-148

1. The Plot Against Jesus (Ka)

Para 140

2. Jesus Anointed at Bethany (Kb)

Para 141

3. Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus (Kc)

Para 142

4. The Last Passover in the Upper Room (Kd)

Para 143-148

a. Go and Make Preparations for the Passover (Ke)

Para 143

b. I Desire to Eat the Passover With You Before I Suffer (Kf)

Para 144a

c. The First Cup of Sanctification (Kg)

Para 148a

d. Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet (Kh)

Para 145

e. I Tell You the Truth, One of You is Going to Betray Me (Ki1)

Para 146

f. The Son of Man Will Die Just as the TaNaKh Says He Will (Ki2)

g. Breaking of the Middle Matzah (Kj)

Para 148b

h. The Third Cup of Redemption (Kk)

Para 148c

i. I Am Among You As One Who Serves (Kl)

Para 144b

j. Three Times You Will Deny That You Know Me (Km)

Para 147

C. The Promises and Warnings of King Messiah (Kn)

Para 149-150

1. The Upper Room Discourse (Ko)

Para 149

a. In My Father’s House Are Many Dwelling Places (Kp)

Jn 14:1-4

b. No One Comes to the Father Except Through Me (Kq)

Jn 14:5-14

c. The Holy Spirit Will Teach You All Things (Kr)

Jn 14:15-31

2. The Walk to Gethsemane (Ks)

Para 150

a. I Am the True Vine (Kt)

Jn 15:1-17

b. If the World Persecuted Me, It Will Persecute You (Ku)

Jn 15:18 to 16:4

c. The Spirit Will Guide You Into All Truth (Kv)

Jn 16:5-15

d. Your Sorrow Will Turn To Joy (Kw)

Jn 16:16-33

D. The High Priestly Prayer (Kx)

Para 151

1. Father, The Hour Has Come (Ky)

Jn 17:1-5

2. Your Word Is Truth (Kz)

Jn 17:6-19

3. Jesus Prays for All Believers (La)

Jn 17:20-26

E. The Garden of Gethsemane (Lb)

Para 152


Para 153-168

A. Rise! Let Us Go! Here Comes My Betrayer! (Ld)

Mt 26:45-46

B. Jesus Betrayed, Arrested and Forsaken (Le)

Para 153

C. The Religious Trial (Lf)

Para 154-158

1. The Great Sanhedrin (Lg)

2. The Laws of the Great Sanhedrin Regarding Trials (Lh)

3. Annas Questions Jesus (Li)

Para 154

4. Jesus Before the Sanhedrin in Caiaphas’ House (Lj)

Para 155

5. Peter Denies Jesus Three Times (Lk)

Para 156

6. Jesus Formally Condemned by the Sanhedrin in the Royal Stoa (Ll)

Para 157

7. Judas Hangs Himself (Lm)

Para 158

D. The Civil Trial (Ln)

Para 159-162

1. Jesus Before Pilate (Lo)

Para 159

2. When Herod Saw Jesus He Was Greatly Pleased (Lp)

Para 160

3. Jesus Sentenced to Be Crucified (Lq)

Para 161

4. The Soldiers Mock Jesus (Lr)

Para 162

E. Then They Brought Jesus to Golgotha, the Place of the Skull (Ls)

Para 163

F. The Crucifixion (Lt)

Para 164-166

1. Jesus’ First Three Hours on the Cross: The Wrath of Man (Lu)

Para 164

2. Jesus’ Second Three Hours on the Cross: The Wrath of God (Lv)

Para 165

3. The Accompanying Signs of Jesus’ Death (Lw)

Para 166

4. The Burial of Jesus in the Tomb of Joseph of Arimathea (Lx)

Para 167

G. The Guard at the Tomb of Jesus (Ly)

Para 168


Para 169-184

A. Mary Magdalene Brought Spices to Anoint the Body of Jesus (Ma)

Para 169

B. The Angel of the LORD Rolled Away the Stone (Mb)

Para 170

C. The Resurrection of Jesus: The Second Sign of Jonah (Mc)

Para 171

D. The Empty Tomb (Md)

Para 172

E. Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene (Me)

Para 173

F. The Appearance of Jesus to the Other Women (Mf)

Para 174

G. Some of the Guards Report to the Jewish Rulers (Mg)

Para 175

H. On the Road to Emmaus (Mh)

Para 176

I. It Is True! The Lord Has Risen (Mi)

Para 177

J. Jesus Appears to His Apostles (Mj)

Para 178

K. Jesus Appears to Thomas (Mk)

Para 179

L. Christ Appearing to His Own (Ml)

Para 180

1. Jesus and the Miraculous Catch of Fish (Mm)

Jn 21:1-14

2. Jesus Reinstates Peter (Mn)

Jn 21:15-25

M. The Great Commission (Mo)

Para 181

N. Then He Appeared to James (Mp)

Para 182

O. He Opened Their Minds So They Could Understand (Mq)

Para 183

P. The Ascension of Jesus (Mr)

Para 184

The Eternal Security of the Believer (Ms)

The Destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple Remembered on Tisha B’Av in 70 AD (Mt)

365 Prophecies Fulfilled by the Messiah (Mu)

The Jewish Concept of Two Messiah’s (Mv)

End Notes



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