12:31-42, 13:17 to 15:21

    We have now come to the portion of the book of Exodus that tells the story of the exodus itself. It is, after all, the central theme of the book. To redeem means to purchase and set free (see the book of Hosea). When God freed His people from slavery in Egypt, His mighty hand (6:1) and outstretched arm (6:6) performed the greatest act of redemption in the TaNaKh. German scholars recognize its importance when they refer to the TaNaKh as Heilsgeschichte, which means history of salvation. Just as the redemption brought about by the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ constitutes the main theme of the B'rit Chadashah, so the redemption brought about by God’s mighty acts of judgment (7:4) at the time of the exodus forms the main theme not only of the book of Exodus but of the entire TaNaKh as well.

    However, redemption in the TaNaKh and redemption in the B'rit Chadashah are not identical. The Exodus redemption was basically national and corporate, whereas the redemption effected by Yeshua Messiah's death on the cross is basically individual and personal. Redemption at the time of the exodus was primarily physical and political, whereas today redemption is primarily (though not totally) spiritual.

    But the similarities between the two covenants are striking indeed. In both cases death was the terrible price necessary to bring about redemption, in both cases the specific redemptive act became the most important event in the history of God’s people, and in both cases the redemptive event is periodically celebrated by means of a joyful ceremony having its origin in the Passover meal.223


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