The Rapture of the Church

First Thessalonians 4: 13-18

   DIG: How would the Thessalonians have felt if they had remained ignorant of Messiah's resurrection and return? How would Paul’s word here encourage them?

   REFLECT: Do Rabbi Sha'ul's words of Christ coming like a thief in the night (at an unknown time) ease or stir up fear within you?

    Second Thessalonians 2:1-12 mentions a man of lawlessness who is held back until a later time. Since the lawless one (the antichrist) cannot be revealed until the One who now holds him back (the Holy Spirit) is taken out of the way, the Tribulation cannot occur until the Body of Christ is removed from the earth. Since neither the Rapture nor the Body of Christ are mentioned in Revelation in Chapters 6-18, we can conclude that the Rapture precedes the Great Tribulation. Of all the views on the timing of the Rapture, only the pre-Tribulation position harmonizes with Scripture when we understand that the Restrainer is referring to the Ruach HaKodesh.145 Three key passages need to be studied for a complete understanding of the Rapture (also see my commentary on Isaiah Eu – The Rapture and the Great Tribulation).

    The first passage is found in John 14:1-3. This passage does not detail the timing of the Rapture but does contain the promise of it. There, Yeshua says: Do not let you hearts be troubled. Trust in God and trust also in Me. In My Father’s house are many rooms. If it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with Me that you also may be where I am. This passage makes one key point: this coming for the believers was for the purpose of taking them to where He was going. Since Jesus was going to heaven, this is a coming to take the righteous to heaven and not to earth. This is important because in the post-tribulationism believers meet the Lord in the air and return with Him to the earth. This is not the promise here. Yeshua Messiah is coming to take us to heaven.146

    The second passage is First Thessalonians 4:13-18, which describes the program of the Rapture. Paul wrote to the body of believers at Thessalonica: Brothers, we do not want you to be ignorant about those who fall asleep, or to grieve like the rest of men, who have no hope. We believe that Yeshua died and rose again and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep with Him. The prophecy of the Rapture is as sure to be fulfilled as the prophecies of Messiah’s death and resurrection.

    According to the Lord’s own word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left till the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have died. There is no written tradition of this, but whether the Lord spoke to Paul directly or through oral tradition, Paul assured the Thessalonians that they could dismiss their fears. One group of believers would not precede another.

    For the Lord Himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together in the air. And so we will be with the Messiah forever. Therefore, encourage each other with these words. The English word rapture comes from the Latin translation of the Bible called the Latin Vulgate. There, the word caught up is translated rapturo, and this is where we get the English term rapture. The events described here and First Corinthians 15:50-53 below, differ considerably from those that will accompany Jesus’ return to the earth to set up His earthly kingdom (Revelation 19:11-21). This difference substantiates the distinction between the Rapture and the Second Coming.147

    From the Greek translation of the Bible, the phrase caught up comes from the word harpazo. It has four meanings, all of which tell us a great deal about the Rapture. First, it can mean to carry off by force. Satan and his demons, whose kingdom runs through the lower atmosphere of the earth, will offer opposition to the believers going through their territory on their way to heaven. Paul speaks of the Adversary in Ephesians 2:2 as the ruler of the kingdom of the air, and the word for air there means the lower, denser, atmosphere. That is why it will be necessary for the Lord to come down and carry us off by supernatural force against the opposition of the dragon of old and his demons.

    Secondly, it can mean to snatch out of the way of danger. The Bible teaches that God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus the Messiah (First Thessalonians 5:9), and one of the purposes of the Great Tribulation is to bring wrath upon an unbelieving world. The prophet Isaiah tells us: See, the Day of the Lord is coming - a cruel day, with wrath and fierce anger – to make the land desolate and destroy the sinners within it (Isaiah 13:9). Thus, with God’s timing the wrath of the Tribulation will come upon the earth. Because the Church is made up of His children, our Lord will come and snatch us out of the way of danger.

    Thirdly, it can mean to seize and carry off speedily. To be caught up is used of divine power when transferring a person swiftly from one place to another. Heaven is beyond the farthest star. It has taken the light of some star 500,000,000 years to reach the earth, traveling 186,000 miles per second. If the Body of Christ traveled that fast at the Rapture, it would require 500,000,000 years to reach heaven. But we will go to heaven with the speed of thought. One moment we will be on the earth, and the next we will be in heaven.

    Lastly, it can mean to claim for one’s self eagerly. The great Husband from heaven will come to claim His Bride, the body of Christ, and eagerly take her with Him to heaven.148 When we look at all four of these meanings we get a much clearer picture of what the Rapture means to all believers. Indeed, we wait for the blessed hope – the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus the Messiah (Titus 2:13).

    There are some significant parallels between John 14:1-3 and First Thessalonians 4:13-18. The words or phrases are almost an exact parallel. They follow one another in both passages in exactly the same order. Only the righteous are dealt with in each case. There is not a single irregularity in the progression of words from first to last. Either column takes the believer from the troubles of earth to the glories of heaven. It is, therefore, obvious that these two sections of scripture speak of the same event. How else does one explain the progression of eight specific words/phrases in exactly the same order, in two different passages, by two different spokesmen? It is clear that these passages refer to a single event: the Rapture of the Body of Christ.149

John 14:1-3                                                                      First Thessalonians 4:13-18

troubled                 verse 1                                               grieve                      verse 13

trust              verse 1                              believe                      verse 14

God, Me           verse 1                              God, Jesus                  verse 14

told you            verse 2                              tell you                     verse 15

come back         verse 3                              coming of the Lord           verse 15

take you           verse 3                              caught up                   verse 17

to be with me      verse 3                              to meet the Lord            verse 17

be where I am     verse 3                              be with the Lord forever     verse 17

    The third passage, First Corinthians 15:50-53, deals with the passing nature of our bodies at the time of the Rapture. I declare to you, brothers, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed – in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye. The eye can move much faster than any other visible part of our bodies; therefore, the change will be instantaneous. It will happen at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. That trumpet will sound at the end of the Dispensation of Grace, when all believers will be removed from the earth. For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. Christ’s resurrection broke the power of death for those who believe in Him, and one day, when Yeshua returns, we will all be changed. The Rapture could be the ninth or tenth birth pain, depending on when the seven-year covenant between the antichrist and the nation of Isra'el is signed.

    After the terrible events of the Great Tribulation, Jesus states that it will come upon all those who live on the face of the whole earth (see my commentary on The Life of Christ Jr – The Rapture). In other words, no one living on the face of the whole earth will be able to escape the judgments of the Great Tribulation. Nonetheless, there will be one way of escaping the wrath of the Lord. You must be a believer in Jesus Christ; believing in who He said He was, the divine Son of God. The means of escape is to stand before the Son of Man off of the earth because there will be no escape on the earth (Luke 21:34-37). After the Rapture, believers will stand before the Son of Man (see Cc - For We Must All Appear Before the Judgment Seat of Christ).


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